What is Myocardial Infarction?

Myocardial Infarction, also known as a heart attack is caused when blood flow stops or decreases to a part of the heart. This damages the heart muscle. Some of the commonly seen myocardial infarction Symptoms include chest pain accompanied by a shooting pain that travels from the shoulder, arm, neck, back, or jaw.A heart attack is a serious medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention. As the blood flow to the heart decreases or stops, it stops the tissues from getting the required oxygen. The Treatment for Myocardial Infarction ranges from lifestyle changes to medication, stent, and surgery.In some cases, the heart attack does not present obvious Symptoms. This is also known as silent heart attack or as silent ischemia (lack of oxygen).  Women tend to have atypical Symptoms compared to men.

Myocardial Infarction Symptoms

The common Signs and Symptoms of myocardial infarction include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Pressure, pain, squeezing, or tightness sensation in the chest or arms. This may spread to the back, jaw, or neck.
  • Nausea
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion or abdominal pain
  • Cold sweat
  • Sudden Dizziness or light-headedness
  • Fatigue

The Symptoms may present differently for different people. While some people experience mild pain, others tend to experience more severe pain, while others have no Signs at all. According to the medical experts, the more Symptoms or Signs that are present, the greater the chance that the patient is having a heart attack. It is essential to get Myocardial Infarction Treatment as soon as the Symptoms or Signs appear to Prevent fatalities.It has also been noted that the heart attack may be preceded by the Symptoms and Signs hours, days or weeks in advance. Recurring chest pain or pressure that is caused by activity requires immediate medical attention.

Who is at Risk?

Certain factors tend to lead to the build-up of unwanted fatty deposits in the arteries. This Causes the blood flow to slow down or stop, leading to a heart attack. The Risk Factors are:

  • Smoking or long-term exposure to second-hand smoke
  • High blood pressure
  • High triglyceride levels
  • Obesity
  • Family history
  • Diabetes
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Illicit drug use
  • Stress
  • Autoimmune Disease
  • History of preeclampsia

The more the number of Myocardial infarction Risk Factors, the higher your Risk of having a heart attack or other cardiac-related health. While you can reduce your Risk by taking medication, it is always a good idea to adopt a healthier lifestyle along with a balanced diet to keep your heart healthy for as long as possible.

Myocardial Infarction Causes

A heart attack results when your coronary arteries get blocked. The blockage is caused by a build-up of unwanted fatty deposits. These deposits form a substance called plaque. This leads to most heart attacks and myocardial infarctions. A plaque ruptures, spilling cholesterol and other substances into the blood are experienced during a heart attack. This results in the formation of a blood clot at the site of the rupture. The blood flow gets restricted further depending on the size of the blood clot.  Some of the common Causes of myocardial infarction include:

  • Bad cholesterol: Bad cholesterol leads to the formation of plaque, which in turn blocks the blood flow in the arteries. It is essential to bring down your low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to Prevent heart attacks and other heart-related ailments.
  • Saturated fats: Saturated fats commonly found in meat and dairy products are extremely bad for your blood system. It also limits the level of your good cholesterol, increasing your Risk of Myocardial Infarction.
  • Trans fat: Trans fat or hydrogenated fat is another leading cause of high cholesterol levels which increases your Risk of Myocardial Infarction.

How is Myocardial Infarction Diagnosed?

The doctor usually screens you for Risk Factors during the regular check-up. However, if it is an emergency situation where you are exhibiting Signs and Symptoms of myocardial infarction, the doctor will check your blood pressure, temperature, and pulse. You will then be connected to a heart monitor to keep an eye on your heartbeat rate. Lab tests for myocardial infarction include:Electrocardiogram: The ECG is the first test carried out to help Diagnose a heart attack. The test involves recording Signals from the electrodes attached to your chest and limbs. Any abnormality in the Signal helps indicate whether a heart attack has already occurred or is in progress.Blood tests: Some heart proteins gradually leak into your blood as a result of heart damage caused by a heart attack. A blood test is done to check your blood for the presence of these proteins or enzymes to determine whether you have suffered a heart attack.Chest X-ray: An X-ray is prescribed to study the size of your heart and blood vessels as well as look for fluid in your lungs.Echocardiogram: The echocardiogram is useful in identifying whether your heart has been damaged and arrives at a myocardial infarction Diagnosis faster.Coronary catheterization (angiogram): This is a more invasive test that involves feeding a liquid dye through your arteries to look for a blockage or damage in your arteries.

How is Myocardial Infarction Treated?

Treatment for myocardial infarction includes lifestyle changes, cardiac rehabilitation, medication, stents, and bypass surgery. The chosen path of Treatment usually depends on the type of myocardial infarction you have fallen victim to. If you have a family history of heart attack or heart-related ailments, it is a good idea to meet with a cardiologist and get a complete check-up done. If you have high cholesterol levels, myocardial infarction medication along with lifestyle changes can help prevent a myocardial infarction from occurring. Cure.fit offers online doctor consultation with the country’s best cardiologists. You get to consult them from the comfort of your home and chart out a treatment plan that will keep your heart healthy and safe from heart attacks.

How can Myocardial Infarction be Prevented?

In order to reduce your Risk of having a Myocardial Infarction, it is essential to indulge in 150 minutes of moderately intense physical activity each week. You also need to stick to a healthy and balanced meal and avoid junk food and sugary drinks. By switching to a healthier lifestyle, you will be able to avoid taking Myocardial Infarction medicine which is not good for your kidneys or liver in the long run. After all, the Prevention of myocardial infarction is better than care.

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