There is no shame in having a mental disorder as it is like any other medical condition. Transform your thinking as comprehensive help is available with numerous ways to get treated and supported. Mental health condition depends on how a person behaves and what they feel and think. A combination of these will reflect the cognitive functioning of the system. Mental disorder encompasses several mental health problems that involve a change in an individual's emotion and behavior over a period. It will take a heavy toll on daily life, including work, family, and interaction with fellow beings when left untreated.Â

Causes of Mental Illness

The causes of mental illness are seen to stem from various factors or even their combinations. There is no single cause and the prevalent factors that either influence or lead to mental problems are:

  • Environmental Exposures – Children are at a higher risk of developing mental illness if their mother consumed drugs, alcohol, or other harmful chemicals when they were in the womb. Their risk of getting a mental disorder exponentially increases, but there is no sure take in it.
  • Biology – The brain plays a vital role in mental disturbance. An imbalance in the neurotransmitters and chemical messengers leads to meddling with the brain chemistry, thereby leading to a mental disorder.
  • Life Events – If life offers numerous stressful experiences, you will likely cause mental problems. These may include PTSD and other developments disorders that will give rise to attachment difficulties. Therefore, the growth period in every child must be handled with care as they will fail on how to control emotions without guidance. It can lead to a severe mental disorder in most cases.
  • Genetics – Mental disorder is prone to run in families because of various genetic components. The most common hereditary mental illness are bipolar disorder, autism, schizophrenia, and major depression.

Mental Disorder List

Depending on the causes and symptoms, all mental disorders are characterized by various types of mental illness

Neurocognitive Disorder

A neurocognitive disorder takes place when an individual's cognitive functioning decreases. Some of the most common neurocognitive disorders are Huntington's disease and Alzheimer's disease. But in rare cases, they are developed due to HIV infection and brain trauma due to injury.Â

Anxiety Disorders

Feelings like fear and anxiety are primarily associated with physical symptoms like dizziness, rapid heartbeat, and shortness of breath. The most common anxiety disorders are panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar and its related disorders are maniac depression that has episodes of hypomania and other forms of mania. The types of bipolar disorder are cyclothymia, bipolar one, and bipolar two.

Depression Disorder

Depression is the most common mental health problem featuring the presence of sadness, irritable nature, emptiness, and other physical signs of cognitive changes and incapability. The most common example of a depressive disorder is premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

Conduct Disorders

Psychiatric conditions that are involved with problems like emotions, behavior, and self-control are known as conduct disorders. The conduct disorders are disruptive disorders, including pyromania, oppositional defiant disorder, kleptomania, and intermittent explosive disorder.

Elimination Disorders

This disorder is linked with children as they are psychologically affected due to improper care and elimination. As a result, they show signs and symptoms like urinating and excreting at inappropriate times and places involuntarily due to insecurity.

Dissociative Disorders

The involuntary disconnection between mind, emotions, behaviors, consciousness, and perceptions leads to psychiatric syndromes contradicting oneself and identity.

Eating Disorder

The disturbances in eating with disruptions in their feeding patterns negatively impact their psychological health. The major eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder.

Gender Dysphoria

The mental disorders list is very much reliable on the gender of a person. Gender dysphoria takes place when a person feels real distress because of their gender identity. They feel uncomfortable being who they really are and develop psychological problems eventually.Under this falls the sexual dysfunctions. This disorder is the inability of an individual to engage or experience sexual pleasure. The most common ones in men are delayed ejaculation and erectile disorder. On the contrary, women face female orgasmic disorder and female arousal disorder.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

These disorders trigger in and manifest during the early stages of a child. It causes impairment in their social, personal, academic, and occupational functioning. Some examples of neurodevelopmental disorders are autism, learning disabilities, and ADHD.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Specific obsessions or compulsions characterize this order and its related illnesses. The common kinds of OCD are hoarding disorder and body dysmorphic disorder.

Paraphilic Disorder

A very intense or persistent sexual interest leads to distress or impairment. This includes recurrent urges or behaviors that involve atypical sexual attraction. These people might also seem to live in a fantasy world most of the time.Â

Psychotic Disorder

The abnormalities in one or more areas of the physical system will lead to hallucinations, abnormal motor behavior, delusions, and disorganized thinking. This proves to be dangerous as they offer only negative symptoms leading to schizophrenia most of the time.Â

Sleep-Wake Disorder

Sleep-wake disorders involve problems in falling asleep or staying awake. They fail to happen at the desired or appropriate times due to misalignment of circadian rhythms. The common diseases here are narcolepsy and insomnia.

Somatic Disorder

The physical symptoms of pain, shortness of breath, and weakness lead to exaggerated anxiety or shallow feelings. This becomes so intense and impossible to handle that it affects their personal lives and creates a problem with their social behaviors.

Addictive Disorder

The mental disorders list is mostly characterized by disorders that are caused due to addiction to substances. Their tolerance, craving, and withdrawal bring about a cluster of unaccepted behavioral changes and cause physical problems in very rare cases.

Traumatic Disorder

When a person is exposed to numerous stressful and traumatic incidents, they can develop a post-traumatic stress disorder known as PTSD. Here is when every individual has to learn how to build confidence. Stress-related conditions do not affect confident people, and more healthy practices develop this quality during the growing phase.

Summing It Up

Living with a mental disturbance will affect the individual and the people around them. It becomes challenging for everyone, and therefore if you suspect anyone close to you with a mental illness, always take steps to treat them at the earliest.

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