Asthma is a medical condition where your airways tend to swell and narrow, causing extra mucus production. This leads to difficulty in breathing which also causes coughing as well as a wheezing sound each time you breathe out. Many people also experience shortness of breath as a result of asthma. While some people find asthma to be a minor inconvenience, others find it as a major problem that tends to interfere with their daily activities as it may cause a life-threatening asthma attack at any point. There are several different types of asthma attacks.
Since asthma tends to change over time, you need to keep track of your signs and symptoms and work closely with your pulmonologist to adjust the treatment as and when required. The treatment also depends on which type of asthma you suffer from.
Different Types Of Asthma
The types of asthma attacks are classified based on the trigger and the severity of the symptoms. Let’s take a close look at the different types of asthma and how they can be treated:
- Allergic Asthma
This type of asthma is deemed to be the most common type as it affects over 60% of the human population. Allergic asthma can be described as a medical condition that is triggered when you are in close contact with the allergens. Some of the common allergens that may lead to an allergic asthma attack include pollen, mould spores, pet dander, dust mites, milk, eggs, nuts, tobacco smoke, chemical fumes and certain fragrances. The treatment for this type of asthma involves seeking the help of a specialist to get started on medications as well as making sure that you stay clear of the allergens that are triggering an asthma attack. You may be asked to dust and vacuum regularly, stay away from pets, avoid outside activities during pollen season, avoid food that triggers, reduce the usage of fragrant products, and so on.
- Non-allergic Asthma
Unlike allergic asthma, non-allergic asthma does need an allergen to get triggered. This is a less common type of asthma and is more commonly seen in female adults. According to medical researchers, non-allergic asthma is often due to environmental and genetic factors. It is often triggered when the person has been exposed to humidity, cold, exercise, stress, smoke, pollution and respiratory infections. People with non-allergic asthma need to get help from a specialist to determine the trigger behind their symptoms. Unlike allergic asthma, this may take a while. Medication is often prescribed to help deal with the symptoms brought forth by non-allergic asthma.
- Seasonal Asthma
As the name suggests, Seasonal asthma often flares up during certain times in a year. People who suffer from this condition will notice that their symptoms tend to appear or get worse either during hay season, thunderstorms, cold days, winter months, or flu season. The treatment for this type of asthma attack includes taking medication to help with the symptoms, paying attention to local news about pollen levels and air quality.
- Occupational Asthma
This type of asthma is observed to cause symptoms when the affected person is working. They will notice an improvement in their symptoms when they are not at work. In most cases, this is due to job-related exposure to triggers like aerosols, paint chemicals and insecticides. The symptoms start appearing depending on the level of exposure. While some people experience an asthma attack within 24 hours of exposure, it takes years for symptoms to develop in other people. If you think you may be suffering from occupational asthma, it is time to consult a doctor online.
- Exercise-Induced Asthma
Just like the name suggests, Exercise-induced asthma causes symptoms to appear after exercising or any other type of strenuous activity. It usually occurs about five to twenty minutes after the exercise. According to recent studies, almost ninety percent of people who suffer from asthma also experience exercise-induced asthma. The condition is known to worsen due to factors like chlorinated pools, humid air while doing yoga, dry air while playing hockey, and so on. People who suffer from this condition are often prescribed inhalers and asked to avoid exercising when they have a viral infection. With regular medication, this condition can be brought under control.
- Nocturnal Asthma
Nocturnal asthma is another type of bronchial asthma that is commonly seen across the globe. The symptoms appear to be more prominent at night which often causes the affected person to wake up wheezing, coughing or even chest pains in some cases. Studies have shown that a majority of asthma-related deaths tend to occur at night. The treatment for this medical condition includes eye drops, diet changes, saline nasal rinse, and nasal decongestants.
- Adult-Onset Asthma
Adult-onset asthma, as the name suggests develops in adulthood while other types of bronchial asthma often develop during childhood. This condition is often caused due to exposure to cigarette smoke, chemicals, dust, pollen, mould, or other irritants. It is similar to the different types of asthma in children except that it develops during adulthood. Some of the common symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, lingering colds, and chest tightness, and so on. This type of bronchial asthma is more persistent and tends to be slightly more difficult to control. Since the lung-function tends to decline faster in adults compared to children, it is essential to seek treatment as soon as possible.
Daily prevention of this medical condition involves medication as prescribed by the doctor, It is also crucial to monitor symptoms every day as it will help give you a heads up of a flare-up. Treating the symptoms as soon as they appear helps keep asthma under control and prevent life-threatening situations from occurring. Identifying the type of asthma in children will help doctors come up with a treatment plan that will help minimize symptoms and allows the child to go on with their daily routine. At the end of the day, it is essential to avoid the triggers that worsen your condition and make sure that you have your medications on hand in case of a sudden flare-up.
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