What Are Genital Warts?
Genital warts are small bumps like growths on the genitals. Sometimes, these bumps are too small to be visible by naked eyes. They cause itching and pain in the genital area. It is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). This infection occurs to most of the sexually active adults at least once in their lifetime. However, it is easily treatable if managed at the right time.
Genital Warts Symptoms
Genitals warts are transmitted from an infected person to another person through some kind of sexual activity, bet it oral, anal, or vaginal sex. At times, it takes several weeks or even months before symptoms start to show up. Genital warts are very small structures, and their color is similar to the skin or a little darker. Sometimes they are found in clusters, while other times only a single wart may also grow on the skin. Following body areas are affected most by the warps in human males:
- The upper area of thighs
- Both inner and outer area of the anus
Following body areas are affected most by the warps in human females:
- Both inner and outer area of the anus
- Both inner and outer area of the vagina
- On Cervix
Other than these areas, genital warts may also occur on mouth, tongue, throat, or lips. Symptoms other than warts growths are:
- Itching and burning
- Vaginal discharge
Who Is At Risk?
Genital warts can happen to any person who is sexually active. However, there are some factors that can increase the risk of a person catching the infection. These risk factors are:
- People under the age of 30 are more prone to catch the infection
- Weak immune system
- Having a history of child abuse
Genital Warts Causes
There is only one genital warts cause that underlies most of the cases - human papillomavirus (HPV). There are around 30-40 strains of this virus that affect the genitals of humans, but there are only a few strains that cause this specific type of infection. HPV doesn't always cause genital warts. Most of the time, it goes away from the human body without causing any type of harm.
How Is Genital Warts Diagnosed?
To check the presence of genital warts, your doctor might ask you questions like your sexual history; whether you were engaged in some kind of unprotected sex in recent times or not. A physical examination is also done by the doctor of the affected area. For females only:Warts can occur inside a females body, hence the doctor might have to do a pelvic examination. Some chemical is applied on the area to make warts growth more visible. Swab test is also done sometimes, in which a swab is taken to check if HPV is present or not.
How Is Genital Warts Treated?
Most of the time, genital warts go away by themselves. However, HPV might linger in your body and causes outbreaks of the infection after intervals of time. Hence, HPV warts treatment is important whether you have visible symptoms or not. There is no genital warts medicine that can give you over-the-counter (OTC) treatment. However, you can reduce the painful symptoms up to a certain level with medications. Condyloma treatment (Condyloma is the medical name of genital warts) can also be done by the following methods:
- Burning away warts with electricity
- Freezing the warts
- Treatment with laser
- Cutting off the warts
If the visible symptoms do not go away, your doctor might have to do surgery as the last resort of genital warts treatment. If you or your partner is suffering from genital warts, you can get the help of Care.Fit. We have a team of experienced doctors who can give you consultation and medication, according to your ease. You can visit our website or app to know more. We also offer online appointments.
How Can Genital Warts be Prevented?
Every person who is sexually active should know the answer to how to prevent genital warts. Here are a few preventive methods:
- Get HPV vaccines available for both males and females. Every person who is under the age of 45 should get this vaccine.
- A vaccine called Cervarix is also available that prevents from this infection.
- Use condoms every time you have sex.
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