Acute Gastritis

What is Acute Gastritis?Acute gastritis is the unexpected swelling or inflammation or irritation in the inner layer of the stomach. Due to this condition, the individual may experience nagging and severe pain. The pain remains severe for a few minutes which can be temporary. It appears suddenly and caused due to various reasons like stress, viruses, bacteria, injury, or consuming irritants like spicy foods, steroids, NSAIDs, or alcohol. Acute gastritis occurs when the stomach's lining is weak or damaged, permitting digestive acids to bother the stomach. The types of Acute Gastritis are erosive and non-erosive. H.pylori is a kind of bacteria that infects the stomach. Besides spreading, it causes abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, loss of appetite, and stomach inflammation. Acute Gastritis SymptomsNot all people experience acute gastritis symptoms. Some people will experience mild or severe symptoms. Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Black stools
  • Indigestion
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain and irritation in the upper portion of the abdomen
  • Bloody vomit appearing like used coffee grounds
  • Full or heavy feeling in the abdomen after eating

Certain symptoms connected with acute gastritis can also be experienced in other conditions also. Without consulting your physician, it is hard to conclude if it is acute gastritis. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms for more than one week, it is recommended to consult your physician. Who is at Risk?  Acute gastritis is a common condition that can affect any individual. Some of the common Acute Gastritis risk factors are as follows:

  • Older adults: They have increased chances of acute gastritis as the walls inside the stomach begin to thin as they grow old.
  • Regular usage of pain relievers: Some common pain relievers can help to subside the cause of acute gastritis.
  • Stress: Stress because of severe infections, burns, injury, or major surgery.
  • Excessive alcohol use: It disturbs the stomach linings, thus making the stomach susceptible to digestive juices.
  • Bacterial infection: Weakness of the bacterium could be due to lifestyle choices like diet and smoking or be inherited.

Acute Gastritis Causes Acute Gastritis is mainly caused because of excessive alcohol consumption, usage of medications, stress, and chronic vomiting. Some of the other causes of acute gastritis are as follows:

  • Infections are caused due to viruses and bacteria.
  • Bile reflux: When there is a backflow of bile that is from the bile tract (connects the gall bladder and liver) into the stomach.
  • H.Pylori or Helicobacter pylori: It is a bacteria that exists in the stomach's mucus lining. When acute gastritis is not taken care of without treatment, it has chances to develop as stomach cancer or ulcers for some people. It can also result in severe blood loss.

How is Acute Gastritis Diagnosed?The gastroenterologist will review the individual's family and personal medical history, and do a complete physical evaluation, and may suggest performing certain tests to confirm. Acute gastritis diagnosis includes:

  • Stool test or faecal occult blood exam: This test is performed to determine the existence of blood in the stool. It is the basic sign of gastritis.
  • Blood tests: The physician may recommend several blood tests like examining red blood cells or RBC count to find out whether the individual has anaemia. It means he/she does not have sufficient red blood cells. They may even recommend looking for pernicious anaemia and H.pylori infection with blood tests.
  • Upper endoscopy: The physician looks for swelling and performs a biopsy. It is the procedure where small tissue samples are removed and sent to the lab for examination.

How is Acute Gastritis treated? Acute gastritis treatment usually involves:

  • Avoiding irritating foods like gluten from wheat or lactose from dairy.
  • If acute gastritis is caused because of pernicious anaemia, then the physician may recommend B12 Vitamin shots.
  • Avoiding spicy and hot foods.
  • Consuming antacids and other medications to limit stomach acid.
  • If it is caused due to H.pylori infection, the physician may suggest antibiotics and acid-blocking medicine for Acute Gastritis.

Once the main causing issue disappears, acute gastritis will automatically subside. It is important to discuss with your physician at before beginning any gastritis medication or stopping any medicine on your own. Most of the people with this condition improve fast once they begin Acute Gastritis cure and treatment. How can Acute Gastritis be Prevented?It is possible to reduce the chances of acute gastritis or prevent the condition by following certain simple steps, like:

  • Do not use NSAIDs frequently. If you are consuming NSAIDs, ensure to take it with water and food to limit symptoms.
  • Limit or avoid the consumption of alcohol.
  • Ensure to cook foods completely as it reduces the chances of infection.
  • Wash the hands before and after meals with water and soap. This way, you can reduce the chances of getting infected with H.pylori.

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