What is Measles?
Measles is a viral infection that originates in the respiratory system. Also known as rubeola, it takes a lot of lives worldwide despite there being a vaccine available for it.
There are different types of measles infection that can affect a human being. Some are common while some are not. Both have been mentioned below for your knowledge:
- Classic measles
- Atypical measles
- Modified measles
- Hemorrhagic measles
A pediatrician doctor is the best person to consult and to Treat you for various types that you might be affected by.
The measles Symptoms show up in an individual within the first ten to twelve days of being exposed to the virus. Usually, a skin rash that is all over the body is a classic Sign of having measles. It starts developing on the head and moves to other parts of the body. It lasts for seven days and shows up within 14 days of contact with the virus. Apart from this, some of the other common symptoms have been listed below for your understanding:
- A sudden cough
- A rise in body temperature or fever
- Having a runny nose
- Experiencing redness in the eyes
- Having a sore throat despite taking all precautions
- The appearance of white spots inside the mouth
Who is at Risk?
Measles Risk Factors differ from individual to individual and also on the type of measles that the person has been affected by. Certain red flags for when an individual might be at Risk are:
- A person who is not vaccinated is the one who is the most prone to contracting this disease.
- Someone who travels internationally to developing countries where this is a common Disease then the chances of getting it are high.
- An individual with Vitamin A deficiency will have more severe symptoms and complications.
These red flags should be cautious against and take precautions.
The measles Causes originate from getting an infection from a virus that is from the paramyxovirus family. We have discussed below what happens after this:
- When this virus infects an individual, it first invades the host cells and then uses the cellular components in order to complete its life cycle.
- It then first attacks and infects the respiratory tract. After that, it spreads to other parts of an individual’s body through the bloodstream.
It is said that only humans are affected by this and that this does not affect animals. There are apparently 24 known genetic types of measles.
How is Measles Diagnosed?
For measles Diagnosis, a doctor should be contacted immediately in case a person feels they might have contracted the disease. A specialist will then examine you and then be able to tell you the right way forward:
- The doctor will start off by examining the rashes on your skin and then check for any symptoms that are experienced as a result of this Disease. These Symptoms which have also been mentioned above include cough, fever, sore throat, and spots in the mouth among others.
- Additionally, a measles test like a blood test might also be conducted in order to check on the measles virus if the doctor suspects something based on his observation and your family history.
How Is Measles Treated?
There are no specific Measles treatments as viral infections are not really sensitive to antibiotics. However, there are certain things that can be done to help recover faster:
- A vaccine for measles can be given within 72 hours of exposure to the virus
- Medicine for measles-like some immune proteins can also be taken within six days of contracting the virus.
Care.Fit is your neighborhood health care provider offering a range of health services. They have on their team the best general physicians from all over India to attend to your medical requirements. All their services are available on their app and website. You should consult a doctor if you are looking for a good measles cure.
How can Measles be Prevented?
Measles Prevention is done through very few ways which have been mentioned below for your reference:
- Getting vaccinated is the best way to Prevent yourself from measles.
- Practicing good hand hygiene before touching your face, before eating, and after using the washroom.
- Avoid coming in close contact with people who are ill and also do not share items with them like the same utensils, toothbrushes, drinking glasses among others.
- Always cover your nose and mouth when you are sneezing and move away from someone when you can sense that they are about to sneeze too.